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Rules of Qurbani

  • Marzan Jamia
  • Marzan Jamia
  • 12 Aug 2019

Qurbani is the festival of sacrifice that Muslims all over the world demonstrate commemorating the ultimate sacrifice of Nabi Ibrahim (AS) and Nabi Ismail (AS) on the occasion of Eid-ul-Adha.

It is one of the most religious rituals of Islam that every financially stable Muslim need to perform for the sake of Allah the Almighty. In Qurbani, (sacrifice of an animal) Muslims are to remember the Unity of Allah, and His blessings upon us. The ritual of slaughtering takes place after offering the Eid prayer mostly on the 10th Zil Hajj of the Islamic calendar and the two days following it.


“Neither their flesh reaches Allah nor their blood, but it is your piety that reaches Him.”

- (The Holy Quran 22:37)


What You Must Know About Qurbani

  Qurbani must be performed on 10th, 11th, and 12th of Zil Hajj.


  It should be one of the An’aam classes of animals, which are camels, cattle, sheep, and goats. Almighty Allah says in the Noble Quran: “And for every nation, we have appointed religious ceremonies, that they may mention the Name of Allah over the beast of cattle that He has given them for food.” (Quran, 22:34)


  The animal should have reached the required age, which is six months for a lamb, one year for a goat, two years for a cow and five years for a camel.


  An individual who is eligible to pay Zakat must perform Qurbani for himself and every family member including children.


  Animal for slaughtering should be free of any kind of faults. Holy Prophet (SAW) said: “There are four that will not do for sacrifice: a one-eyed animal whose defect is obvious, a sick animal whose sickness is obvious, a lame animal whose limp is obvious and an emaciated animal that has no marrow in its bones.” (Sahih Al-Jami)


  If an animal has been selected for sacrifice, it is not permissible to sell it or give it away, except in exchange for one that is better.


  The animal must be alive at the time of slaughter that is the animal being sacrificed has to be alive and it’s preferable for it to be awake.


  The person who is making the sacrifice must be a Muslim and has to invoke the name of Allah by saying Bismillah Allahu Akbar at the time of the sacrifice.

  The animal should not be slaughtered when it is hungry and also water should be offered to the animal before the time of slaughtering.


  Animals should be purchased a few days before the slaughter, and they must be cared for, fed and nurtured before their sacrifice.


  A person who is giving Qurbani should be present at the time of slaughtering the animal.


  Animals should be slaughtered quickly with a sharp knife, so they do not suffer. The knife is not to be sharpened in front of the animal though, and no animal should be slaughtered in the presence of another animal.


  Slaughtered animals are not to be skinned until completely cold.


  It is disliked or considered Makruh for the one who intends to perform the sacrifice to remove any hair or nails from his body from the 1st of Zil Hajj until he performs the sacrifice. It is mentioned in one of Hadith of our beloved Prophet Muhammad (SAW): “When you see the moon of Zil Hajj and you intend to perform the sacrifice then don’t remove any of your hair or nails.” (Muslim)


  At the end divide the meat into three that is one third for consumption, one third to be given as gifts and one third to be given in charity. Meat is then distributed among neighbours, family and poor people.


How the meat must be distributed

It is important and preferred that the meat of the slaughtered animal is divided into three parts. One part for own use, one part for relatives and one part for the poor and needy, preferably Muslims. The meat and skin cannot be given as payment for services rendered BUT may be given as a gift. It is permissible in Islam that the skin may be kept for personal use, or given to someone else. It may also be donated to an organisation. Muslims must make sure that the given meat is such as you would yourself like to receive and eat. Giving meat to reliable organisations for distribution to the needy is allowed in Islam and wasting of meat is strictly prohibited.


While Qurbani is a lesson itself that teaches us so much about sacrificing and letting go of what is dear in the name of Allah, Muslims must demonstrate this ritual with the purest of intentions, only for the sake of Allah. It is also important to cultivate community harmony in every sense of it hence, hygiene measures must also be taken into consideration while cleaning post slaughtering.


May Allah accept our sacrifices this Eid-ul-Adha.

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